All You Need to Know About a Warehouse Racking System

Oftentimes, what happens with garages, spare rooms, and other spaces is that they start to overflow and become packed full of boxes and other storage items. This may prompt owners to consider shifting inventories to a warehouse. This then necessitates the proper equipment, and although storage bins and cabinets may suffice up to a point, warehousing demands the usage of a warehouse racking system.

It is a crucial component of warehouse infrastructure and, depending on how it is carried out, it can either slow down or speed up warehouse operations. With the right warehouse racking systems in place, managers can optimise their space as well as the warehouse organisation for maximum efficiency.

Warehouse Racking System

 

What Is a Warehouse Racking System?

Warehouse racking is a type of material handling system designed for large storage of items on skids or pallets. It provides for more effective space usage while also offering simple access to stored products for improved inventory control.

Manufacturers utilise racks for mass storage of largely non-perishable items when storage space is limited.

A warehouse racking system can be utilised for raw material and part storage in addition to completed goods handling. Selective racking may be built to allow for the highest amount of objects to be reached while allowing for a wide range of options. Furthermore, certain distribution systems prefer the FIFO or first-in, first-out approach to inventory control. A racking system allows for easy access to the oldest things in the warehouse inventory, allowing them to be offloaded first.

Why Should I Use a Warehouse Racking System?

1. Optimisation of Space

If you are thinking about growing your business, you must also think about the space you will need to do so.

A considerable portion of the floor area in traditional warehouses is dedicated to the safe passage and access of forklifts in the aisles. All of this unused floor space may be maximised by constructing a pallet racking system that provides maximum square footage with vertical warehouse racking systems.

2. Variety of Inventory Control Methods

Inventory management strategies can vary depending on the type of products being handled. Fortunately, there is a variety of warehouse racking systems that complement a range of inventory management approaches, whether it be a first-in, first-out (FIFO) approach or a first-expired, first-out (FEFO) approach for time-sensitive perishable items.

Warehouse racks that are built-in high-density automated warehouse storage also make digital product tracking easier.

3. Automation

Speaking of automation, the first step toward warehouse automation is to adapt a racking system. Companies do this by integrating smart conveyor systems along with cranes and guided forklifts. This can result in considerable cost savings in terms of labour and also streamline the business process, particularly for big distribution centres.

Warehouse Racking System

 

What Are Some of the Challenges to Employing a Warehouse Racking System?

Several difficulties may occur when building and operating a warehouse racking system. By planning ahead, you can prevent these problems and boost your business's efficiency, addressing swings in demand and enhancing your bottom line.

Planning is key. Many warehouse managers overlook the need for enough floor space in the shipping and receiving area, which can cause delays in the process of storing incoming items and preparing commodities for distribution.

While racking systems do allow for optimisation of space, it is more vertical than horizontal. This clear height requirement might be a constraint, and you must also consider the reach of your forklift trucks.

Every storage system requires routine maintenance to work properly, although racks are more vulnerable to forklift damage or poor loading than other systems. As a result, you'll need to examine your racks frequently to guarantee they're not damaged.

Selection Factors in Designing a Racking System

Taking all of these challenges into consideration, you can figure out what some of the deciding factors are when selecting a racking system:

  • The already available storage space
  • Height of the warehouse vs. height of the racking systems and forklifts
  • Weight of the load that is being stored
  • Volume and speed of incoming and outgoing products
  • Your budget

Overview

Buying, installing, and maintaining warehouse racking systems on your own is difficult — and that’s only the beginning of your warehouse operations. When selecting a warehouse racking system, you must fully understand the model and how it may be useful to your business. Warehouse racks built of high-quality steel that satisfy all safety criteria are the best option for most businesses.

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